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CSAFE Global


Fuel a more sustainable future

transport logistics 2023A good six months before it opens, things are looking extremely good for transport logistic, which will take place from May 9 to 12, 2023 at the exhibition center in Munich: The leading International Exhibition for Logistics, Mobility, IT and Supply Chain Management expects to fill ten halls again and will cover an exhibition area totaling around 110,000 square meters (B1 to B6 and A3 to A6, as well as the open-air site and rail tracks in the eastern part of the exhibition grounds).

A good six months before it opens, things are looking extremely good for transport logistic, which will take place from May 9 to 12, 2023 at the exhibition center in Munich: The leading International Exhibition for Logistics, Mobility, IT and Supply Chain Management expects to fill ten halls again and will cover an exhibition area totaling around 110,000 square meters (B1 to B6 and A3 to A6, as well as the open-air site and rail tracks in the eastern part of the exhibition grounds).

Numerous big names in the industry like Dachser, DB Schenker, DHL, DP World, DSV, Geodis, Maersk, Kühne + Nagel or Rhenus have already registered. New additions include companies such as Hellmann Worldwide Logistics, TST from Worms, and Arkas Lojistik from Turkey.

air cargo Europe is also looking good so far. The exhibition for the global air cargo industry, integrated into transport logistic, is already in such high demand that a number of companies, as was the case in 2019, will have to be placed in Hall B2.

Stefan Rummel, CEO Messe München, is pleased “that so many well-known companies will be back again at transport logistic next year. The feedback from our customers on air cargo Europe is also a great sign and shows once more how important specialized trade fairs are. This is where decision makers from all over the world meet for a few days to discuss and do business.”

Uwe Brinks, CEO DHL Freight, can only confirm that: “transport logistic is one of the world’s leading logistics trade fairs for meeting customers and partners, and discussing important developments and trends in the industry. After a break due to the pandemic, we are looking forward to being able to welcome numerous guests again to our trade fair stand to present innovations and solutions for tomorrow’s logistics.” Dr Sigrid Evelyn Nikutta, DB Board Member for Freight Transport and Chairwoman of the Management Board of DB Cargo AG says: “transport logistic is the world's largest trade fair for logistics and mobility. The industry is finally united again! We look forward to exchanging ideas with our customers and showing that goods belong on the rails.”

Maasvlakte Rotterdam drone Don’t be surprised if you see a white-orange drone fly over Maasvlakte and Europoort on one specific day of the week in the next few months.

It's the newest model of Dutch drone manufacturer Avy, the Avy Aera 3. The drone takes off automatically from a docking station installed at the Rotterdam-Rijnmond Pilotage Service at Pistoolhaven.

The Port of Rotterdam Authority wants to find out if the Avy Area is suitable for supporting inspectors and shipping masters in their work. The trials are focused on sea-going and inland shipping inspections by the Harbour Master’s Division on bunkering, water pollution, ship-to-ship transfer, zoning for hazardous substances, shore-to-ship transfer, air pollution (smoke or soot), and repairs on board vessels. If the drone detects an open tank filler cap, this might be an indication of illegal degassing by the vessel and call for taking a closer look.

The drone has a wing span of 2.40 metres, a cruise speed of 90 kilometres per hour, and a 95-kilometre range at low energy consumption. Two or three drones would suffice to cover the entire port area and have a drone over the spot quickly when an incident occurs. Additionally, this drone can carry small cargoes of up to 3 kilos, such as refrigerated medical supplies, vessel parts, or cargo samples.

On flight days, operations always begin with a briefing with the NHV helicopter pilots, who are also stationed on the Pilotage Service site. The drone and helicopters share the same airspace, so there should be clear rules in place as to how this airspace is used. Piloting, search and rescue operations by NHV always have priority over drone operations, for instance.

Companies interested in testing the Avy Aera 3 for their own business purposes can contact Ingrid Römers.

Ethiopian B787 10th Year AnniversaryEthiopian Airlines and Boeing [NYSE: BA] today celebrated the 10th anniversary of the first 787 Dreamliner delivery to the African carrier.

Over the past decade, Ethiopian Airlines has utilized the outstanding capabilities of the 787 to sustainably grow its long haul network across the world, making its hub in Addis Ababa one of the leading gateways for international travel in Africa. Ethiopian Airlines was the first airline on the continent to take delivery of the 787 and today operates a combined fleet of twenty-seven
787-8s and 787-9s that play an integral role in its long-haul fleet.

As part of today’s anniversary celebrations, Boeing also unveiled an exhibition design for educational exhibits in the mobility hall of the Ethiopian Science Museum. The museum will feature permanent exhibits from Boeing and Ethiopian Airlines, including a 787 Dreamliner simulator experience.

“We are glad to mark a decade since we ushered in the first 787 Dreamliner into Africa, building on our pioneering role in African aviation,” said Mesfin Tasew, Ethiopian Airlines Group CEO. “The 787 has been instrumental in expanding our long and medium haul flights and redefining on-board comfort for our passengers thanks to its advanced technology and remarkable cabin features.”

Since the delivery of the first 787 in 2011, more than 80 airlines around the world have used the Dreamliner to open more than 335 new non-stop connections around the world. The 787 family, has served on more than 1,900 routes, carrying nearly 700 million passengers on more than 3.3 million flights.

“The incredible versatility of the 787 Dreamliner has played a vital role in helping Ethiopian Airlines become Africa’s largest airline,” said Omar Arekat, vice president of Sales and Marketing, Middle East and Africa, Boeing Commercial Airplanes. “For more than 75 years, we have partnered with Ethiopian to help them build a great airline using the world's most modern, efficient, comfortable and sustainable products including the 787.”

The 787 family delivers unmatched fuel efficiency to operators like Ethiopian Airlines, reducing fuel use and emissions by 25% compared to the airplanes it replaces. In total the 787 has saved 125 billion pounds of carbon emissions since entering service in 2011.

Passengers also enjoy many key features on the 787, such as the largest windows of any jet; air that is more humid and pressurized at a lower cabin altitude for greater comfort; large overhead bins with room for everyone’s bag; soothing LED lighting; and technology that senses and counters turbulence for a smoother ride.

As a leading global aerospace company, Boeing develops, manufactures and services commercial airplanes, defense products and space systems for customers in more than 150 countries. As a top U.S. exporter, the company leverages the talents of a global supplier base to advance economic opportunity, sustainability and community impact. Boeing’s diverse team is committed to innovating for the future and living the company’s core values of safety, quality and integrity.

AFKLMP goSAFAir France KLM Martinair Cargo (AFKLMP Cargo) has taken a new step forward in making the airfreight industry more sustainable with the introduction of goSAF.

As of today, customers can set the level of their contribution to sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) for every cargo shipment they book.

This is part of its pledge to tackle climate change, achieving net-zero CO₂ emissions in 2050. AFKLMP Cargo believes that the best way to achieve a more sustainable future for the airfreight industry is by joining hands with customers.

With goSAF, customers using the myCargo booking portal can set the level of their contribution to SAF for each shipment. AFKLMP Cargo gives customers a choice of four contribution levels, which will allow them to proportionally reduce their contribution to CO₂ emissions when booking. The underlying CO₂ emissions calculator determines the expected CO₂ emissions of the shipment and calculates the costs of compensating for this by investing in the purchase of SAF.

GertJan Roelands, senior vice president Sales & Distribution explains: “When our customers decide to contribute to SAF, they not only reduce the CO₂ emissions of their own shipments, but also contribute to more sustainable supply chains for their customers and help them and the broader cargo industry reduce impact on the environment. By working together and gradually increasing the percentage of SAF used to power every flight, we can really make a difference in achieving a more sustainable airfreight industry.”
goSAF is the logical next step following the introduction of AFKLMP Cargo’s customer oriented SAF programme, which was the first of its kind, launched in 2020.

The Cargo SAF programme enables forwarders and shippers to fuel their flights with a percentage of SAF. Customers choose their own contribution level, while we ensure that the investment is fully utilised to purchase SAF. When investing in SAF, customers receive an independently certified report specifying the amount of SAF purchased in terms of traffic volume, giving an indication of the resulting reduction in CO₂ emissions. The programme has already welcomed 40 partners.

In 2022, AFKLMP Cargo took the initiative in adding a standard percentage of SAF (0.5%-1%) to all flights departing from Paris Charles de Gaulle and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. Although this percentage may seem tiny, it is an important step in the right direction. AFKLMP Cargo will keep cooperating with industry partners in seeking ingenious solutions and innovations that will promote the use and accelerate the production of SAF.

All investments in sustainable aviation fuel – whether it be via AFKLMP Cargo’s SAF programme or via goSAF – will be fully utilised to purchase more SAF. AFKLMP Cargo does not profit from this financially in any way.

As is the case for participants in our SAF programme, customers who contribute via goSAF receive a report with an overview of the calculated CO₂ reduction thanks to their investments.

Deutsche Bahn emission freeIn order to promote climate-neutral mobility, Deutsche Bahn (DB) and the Australian energy company Fortescue Future Industries (FFI) have agreed on a comprehensive cooperation.

In a first project, both partners are working on modifying diesel engines for locomotives and traction vehicles so that they can be operated with ammonia and hydrogen. Both sides have signed a corresponding Letter of Intent. In addition to the development of emission-free propulsion technologies, the agreement also provides for cooperation in logistics and supply chains for green fuels.

Dr. Daniela Gerd tom Markotten, DB Board Member for Digitisation and Technology: „We are saying goodbye to diesel and relying on the latest technologies, including the ammonia-hydrogen engine. This innovative engine makes it possible to continue operating existing diesel vehicles without emissions. Our customers are already travelling by the most climate-friendly means of transport. By 2040, DB will be completely climate-neutral.“

Dr. Sigrid Nikutta, DB Board Member for Cargo: „Climate-neutral mobility starts with green supply chains on the railways. Today we can already transport hydrogen in liquid form in conventional tank wagons. This is efficient and uncomplicated. Our goal is to develop further logistics solutions for hydrogen, because rail is the most climate-friendly form of transport. One train can replace 52 trucks.“

Dr. Andrew Forrest, Founder and Chairman of the Board of FFI: „We know that cutting edge technology and real-world solutions are key to addressing climate change which is why Fortescue is partnering with Deutsche Bahn, Europe’s leading mobility and logistics provider. Together FFI and DB will work to reduce global emissions given the urgency to find new ways to replace fossil fuels in the transport industry.”

The ammonia-hydrogen engine is based on an existing type of diesel engine. This is modified so that it can run on green ammonia and green hydrogen. The advantage over a pure hydrogen engine is that ammonia has a higher energy density than liquid hydrogen and is easier to transport and store.

The key technology of the ammonia-hydrogen engine is a so-called cracker from the Stuttgart-based company Ammonigy. This cracker splits a small part of the ammonia outside the engine into hydrogen and nitrogen. The hydrogen produced in this way is then mixed with the remaining ammonia as an ignition gas and ensures CO2-free combustion. A first prototype of the engine is currently being tested on an engine test bench. Together with FFI, DB is developing this technology further, including endurance tests and emission measurements. In total, both companies are investing a mid-six-figure sum in the development project.

The cooperation also focuses on the potential for green supply chains of hydrogen and ammonia, i.e. the production, transport and distribution of both energy carriers. FFI wants to produce hydrogen in large quantities and distribute it globally in the form of green ammonia. DB is currently testing a variety of solutions for the use of hydrogen and could be a customer with a large demand of its own. At the same time, the DB subsidiary DB Cargo is currently developing efficient and green logistics concepts to bring hydrogen and hydrogen derivatives such as ammonia to industry.

APM Bahrain During his recent visit to Bahrain, Keith Svendsen, CEO of APM Terminals, discussed with His Excellency Mr. Mohammed bin Thamer Al Kaabi, Minister of Transportation and Telecommunications, the joint efforts the company and Bahraini government are undertaking to further develop the maritime sector in the Kingdom and strengthen the role of Khalifa Bin Salman Port as a major hub in the Gulf, strongly contributing to Bahraini economy.

On that occasion and addressing the collaboration between APM Terminals and Bahraini stakeholders, the Minister commented: “The Ministry of Transportation and Telecommunications is committed to developing the ports and maritime sector as it plays a pivotal role in stimulating economic growth and development and in linking Bahrain with the rest of the world. Alongside our partners APM Terminals, the operators of Khalifa Bin Salman Port, we strive in setting plans and initiatives that aim in enhancing port services to achieve excellence, which is positively reflected in the advancements that the port has undergone and its contribution to the Kingdom’s economy.”

Through its multi-purpose and modern port facilities, APM Terminals Bahrain plays a key role in facilitating external trade and marine services via container terminal activities, General Cargo, RoRo, Cruise and related port services, thus contributing significantly to Bahrain’s economic growth.

“As APM Terminals, we are privileged to enjoy a great partnership with the Government of Bahrain and all our Bahraini stakeholders. As one of the leading employers in the maritime logistics sector in the country, we take our responsibility very seriously and are proud to be contributing to making our industry more attractive for Bahrainis, not least through our talent programmes. We look forward to working further with our Bahraini partners and to contributing further to the ambitious Bahrain 2030 vision,” shared Keith Svendsen, CEO of APM Terminals.

As one of the leading players within the logistics sector in Bahrain, APM Terminals Bahrain is committed to investing in the community and the whole ecosystem that is interconnected with the port. One of the company’s priorities is also to continuously increase the competencies of the people working in the industry, as well as making the industry itself more appealing and attractive as a potential workplace, especially for young Bahraini talents and aspiring professionals.

With this aim, the company has during 2021 launched a new comprehensive development framework as a way to give back to the community by developing future logistics leaders and injecting them to Bahrain’s labour market. The new initiative serves as an umbrella for two development programmes, targeting Bahrain’s logistics leaders of the future, as well as aspiring youth who are yet to enter the maritime business.

Performance Team Volvo electric Performance Team has deployed its first Class 8 battery-electric trucks from Volvo Trucks North America in Southern California in response to customer demand for sustainable short-haul warehouse and distribution center operations.

The Volvo VNR Electric trucks are designed to handle local and regional distribution with a range of up to 275 miles on a single charge.

Performance Team expects to deploy 126 Volvo Electric trucks in North America by Q3 2023. By the end of October, 30 Volvo VNR Electric trucks will be in operation, including 16 in Performance Team’s Santa Fe Springs, California distribution center and 14 in Performance Team’s Commerce, California distribution center.

The rest of the 126 Volvo Trucks VNR Electric order will be filled by Q3 2023, and future deployment locations will be determined by customer demand and location needs.

"Customers are looking for more tangible, sustainable options in their supply chain to satisfy their long-term climate change goals and their immediate business needs in short-haul trucking. So, we’re working closely with our partners at Volvo Trucks North America and TEC Equipment on electromobility solutions to define a new supply chain eco-chapter in our operations." Jason Walker, Executive Vice President of Operations for Performance Team.

Performance Team worked closely with the sales team at TEC Equipment - Fontana, a Volvo Trucks’ Certified EV Dealership, and Volvo Trucks North America to identify the ideal Volvo VNR Electric configurations needed to run their daily freight routes. In addition, the partners leveraged Volvo Trucks’ Electric Performance Generator (EPG) tool, which simulated Performance Team’s real-world routes to determine which ones were best suited for the Volvo VNR Electric trucks, taking into consideration environmental factors such as speed, payload, terrain, and ambient temperature. The EPG also considers specific route details, including traffic patterns, to determine if an opportunity charge would be required.

"Introducing any new technology into your fleet operations can come with a learning curve, which we are definitely seeing as customers make the switch from diesel to battery-electric trucks. It is inspiring to see our very first Volvo Trucks Certified EV Dealer working side-by-side with the largest Volvo VNR Electric fleet in the world, both of which are fully committed to facilitating the widespread adoption of zero-tailpipe emission transportation solutions." Jared Ruiz, Head of electromobility sales for North America, at Volvo Trucks North America.

“TEC Equipment and Performance Team are taking a trailblazing role in demonstrating how a dealership and customer can collaborate to maximize the benefits of battery-electric trucks when they are deployed into fleet operations at scale.”

The scaled deployment of zero-tailpipe emission Volvo VNR Electric models is part of the company’s environment, social and governance (ESG) strategy to decarbonize logistics. Its California-based fleet operates 215 trucks, which Performance Team intends to fully transition from diesel to battery-electric trucks. The 126 Volvo VNR Electric trucks are the first step in that plan, as well as creating new charging infrastructure to support its battery-electric fleet.

"Both Volvo Trucks and TEC Equipment continue to go above and beyond to support Performance Team’s growing battery-electric fleet. One example is the ongoing training they are providing to help our drivers optimize the range of the Volvo VNR Electric, including how to leverage regenerative braking benefits to add power back to the battery." Michael Gallagher, Head of indirect sourcing, North America, at Performance Team.

"Overall, our drivers have had a very positive experience with the Volvo VNR Electric Trucks."

Performance Team is also taking advantage of the Volvo Gold Contract, Volvo Trucks’ premier service offering for the VNR Electric model, a turn-key solution for the first six years of ownership that allows customers to have operational peace of mind knowing they have access to 24/7 support, including tow services, should any issues arise. As part of the Volvo Gold Contract, TEC Equipment provides comprehensive services to Performance Team’s fleet including scheduled and preventative maintenance, towing and vehicle repair including the vehicle’s energy storage unit and the complete electromobility system, to ensure peak vehicle uptime, performance, and productivity.

As a Certified Uptime Dealer, TEC Equipment has a goal of diagnosing customer trucks within two hours of being brought in for service to minimize downtime and get trucks back on the road quickly. The Uptime Services bundle from Volvo Trucks has been enhanced for the Volvo VNR Electric to include a battery monitoring service that further supports customer uptime and peak operating conditions.

"TEC Equipment is dedicated to providing our customers with a seamless transition to battery-electric trucks. It’s exciting to help Performance Team move beyond just a few battery-electric trucks to a full fleet and figure out how to make that functional and cost-effective." Tracey Craik, Regional sales director, TEC Equipment.

“We have a customer-focused approach at all of our dealer locations and collaborate with customers on an ongoing basis to ensure they are prepared and supported along every step of their electromobility journey.”

Prologis – a warehouse partner of Performance Team has installed an electric charging station at Performance Team’s Santa Fe Springs, California site in Q2 2022 and will add a charging station to Performance Team’s Commerce, California’s site in November 2022. More details will be shared in time.

Performance Team ordered 126 Volvo VNR Electric trucks earlier this year as part of an ambitious order of 450 electric trucks to learn more about EV operations and battery technology that support Maersk’s global decarbonization goals. Maersk’s Environment Social Governance (ESG) strategy is to decarbonize logistics. The strategy is a key driver for zero carbon operations in trucking and an important part of Maersk’s goal of enterprise-wide, carbon neutral operations by 2040 with significant steps to be taken by 2030. In the State of California, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) has regulations that require diesel trucks to transition to zero emissions by 2030.

CAPTION: Michael Gallagher, head of indirect sourcing, North America, Performance Team, Tracey Craik, regional sales director, TEC Equipment and Jared Ruiz, acting head of electromobility sales for North America, Volvo Trucks North America with Performance Team’s Volvo VNR Electric fleet at their Santa Fe Springs facility.

PORT OF HAMBURG FEEDER SHIPS As of November 1, 2022, feeder ships can be strategically used for container transfers between the major terminals in the Port of Hamburg.

The projected benefits include providing relief the port infrastructure by reducing the number of truck journeys between the terminals, shorter waiting times at the terminals and a related decrease in CO2 emissions. The way is paved by Danish shipping company Unifeeder as initiator, together with the Hamburg software specialist DAKOSY and DIHLA DAKOSY Interessengemeinschaft Hamburger Linienagenten (DIHLA). Collectively they have created a digital process that also covers customs handling.

Every day in the Port of Hamburg, container transhipments (transfers of containers between large container ships and feeder vessels) which are not loaded at the same terminal happen on a huge scale. In total, the Port of Hamburg had approximately 3.3 million TEU of transhipments in 2021, although not every transfer results in a transhipment. "Ship-based transhipments can take several thousand containers off the road each year. Every container we can move via waterway means a reduction in C02," DIHLA Managing Director Alexander Geisler points out.

"For these container transhipments, we see a high potential to switch from road to waterway by using our existing shipping capacity. As the largest feeder carrier in Northern Europe, we have up to 85 terminal calls per week in Hamburg and can therefore offer sufficient resources to transport additional containers within the port," says Florian Pein, Area Director West and Central Europe at Unifeeder, outlining the concept. The service that has emerged from this includes container transfers by feeder ship between the HHLA terminals CTA, CTT and CTB, as well as Eurogate and, in the near future, the Süd-West Terminal. Looking further ahead, Unifeeder is endeavoring to switch 50 percent of its transhipment operations from trucks to feeder carriers. This alternative is of particular importance to Pein, especially in light of the shortage of qualified truck drivers. "We have been feeling the effects of the declining number of young truck drivers for years. This is increasingly leading to a serious lack of transhipment resources and leads to long waiting times in the Port of Hamburg," emphasizes Pein.

DAKOSY, DIHLA and Unifeeder jointly established the framework for the digital processes and customs handling of feeder transhipments. The basis is the Port Community System operated by DAKOSY, featuring the integration of a new module. "The application is also of interest to other feeder carriers and can be used by them starting in November," emphasizes DAKOSY project manager Franz Schwanke, who also adds: "The module has already proven itself in live testing. During the three-month pilot phase, Unifeeder transferred about 50 containers per month."

The main challenge of the project was to lay the groundwork for the digital customs processing of transhipments. "Normally, an export customs procedure must be initiated as soon as a container is loaded onto a feeder ship. In consultation with the customs office, we have now created an integration function in both the IMP import platform and the EMP export platform that can be used to handle transhipments properly from a customs point of view," Schwanke explains.

The so-called transhipment manifest was newly introduced into the process. With this manifest, the feeder carrier signals via EDI interface or via the IMP web application that it wants to make a transhipment by feeder ship. As a result, a change of custodian is triggered through an automated process and no export transaction is initiated. The manifest also notifies the departure and destination terminals of the planned transhipment and provides them with status messages along the way. This allows the terminals to optimize their internal processes as well.

DIHLA has covered the initial financing for the digital processes required to implement feeder transhipments. Managing director Alexander Geisler explains their motivation: "For us, ship-based transhipments in the port are the right way to go. The current real-life constraints have shown that there is a need for this. Now the groundwork has been laid for digital customs handling. This paves the way to provide relief for the road infrastructure in the port and, taking into account existing shipping capacities and digital infrastructure, to be more environmentally friendly and thus moving toward the future."

CargoAi welcomes QR CargoThe world’s leading cargo airline, Qatar Airways Cargo, has chosen to publish its capacity on CargoAi, significantly augmenting the platform’s Middle-Eastern presence and global network reach.

CargoAi’s over 6,500 forwarder users in 105 countries can now look forward to real-time capacity offers on Qatar Airways Cargo flights, the world’s leading cargo carrier. Qatar Airways Cargo’s global network of more than 150+ stations, will be available for booking on CargoAi as of 10 October, starting with 10 key European countries and finishing with a worldwide launch by 24 October.

Users can book an attractive cross-section of General products, shown with real-time rates and space, and receive immediate booking confirmation. The integration between the two systems was completed rapidly, further demonstrating the need and appetite for modern airlines to increase their digital presence and online distribution.

“With the world’s current number one cargo airline joining our online marketplace, CargoAi gains a significant increase in global market offer,” Matthieu Petot, CEO of CargoAi. “Qatar Airways Cargo has a strong digital focus and very clear ideas on how the future air cargo industry should look. This makes for a highly interesting partnership and one that will without a doubt bring additional benefits to our ever-increasing international customer base. We are honoured to welcome Qatar Airways Cargo on board, and look forward to supporting its ongoing success.”

People and Digitalisation are the two core pillars of Qatar Airways Cargo’s Next Generation strategy and CargoAi will definitely play a key role in taking the air cargo industry’s leading carrier to the next level.

apm terminals pecemCai Mep International Terminal (CMIT) – APM Terminal’s joint venture with Vietnam Maritime Corporation and Saigon Port - continues to earn the trust of one of the world’s biggest shipping lines.

MSC chose CMIT to handle the m/v MSC DITTE on September 24, 2022. The MSC DITTE is MSC’s largest ever container vessel to call in Vietnam. At 200,148 DWT, MSC DITTE is well within CMIT’s 214,000 DWT capacity.

The mega container vessel is operated on 2M Alliance’s Pearl service, connecting Vietnam with the US West Coast. With an average crane productivity of nearly 32 containers/hour/crane and 23-row outreach, CMIT successfully handled almost 16,000 TEUs of import, export, transshipment and empty containers, keeping her journey timely after only 54 hours’ port stay.

Increasing calls for CMIT to handle mega ships such as the MSC DITTE affirm its world class capability, management and coordination with, among others, authority agencies, Ministry of Transport, Vinamarine, Vung Tau Port Authority, Pilot, and Tugboat.
Special port cluster

The CMIT deep-water port is categorised as a special port cluster according to the master plan of Vietnam's seaport system 2021-2030. The vision to 2050 was approved by the Prime Minister (Decision No. 1579 /QD-TTg) on September 22, 2021. In August 2022, the Ministry of Transport approved a total investment of over USD 60 billion from the state budget to upgrade the CM-TV channel.

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) has also approved the Environmental Impact Assessment report of the project which will begin earliest at the end of this year/early next year at the latest. On completion, the access channel to CMIT will reach a minimum depth of 15.5m with a 350m width, further improving conditions for CMIT to enhance the port’s appeal to mega vessels.
Top ranking

CMIT, located 50 kilometres southwest of Ho Chi Minh City, was ranked 11th most efficient container port in the world in 2021 by the World Bank and S&P Global Market Intelligence.

Rotterdam QuTech The port of Rotterdam stakeholders will be able to participate and benefit from an untappable,multi-user quantum network for their critical communication systems.

Several countries already experiment with quantum communication, but QuTech’s spin-off Q*Bird is the first to deploy a new type secure quantum network that can connect multiple users via a center hub in a cost-effective and scalable manner. This will ensure an untappable internet connection between many users, spread out throughout the port area.

The port of Rotterdam is a crucial industrial and logistic hub that handles around 15 million containers yearly, and together with dry bulk cargo, liquid bulk cargo (like oil), and breakbulk amounts to a total of almost 500 million tons of throughput. The total economic added value of the port represents 8.2% of the Dutch GDP (€ 63 billion), employing more than 565.000 people directly and indirectly.

Securing its communication systems will improve the safety of tens of thousands of sea ships yearly and for a significant part the economical traffic that comes after. The safeguard of information transfer over the global internet is paramount for any large organization.

Schematic image of the quantum key distribution system. A central node (Charlie) connects users Alice (left) and Bob (right). If an eavesdropping hacker tries to steal the secret keys, the laws of quantum mechanics ensures the users are informed if the keys are compromised. Another set of keys will then be created to securely encrypt further messages.

Malignant tapping the communication systems between parties can lead to significant financial losses, disruption of critical business operation, or physical harm. A quantum communication infrastructure will insure an untappable connection and will improve the logistics chains of which Rotterdam is a part of, even more so a vital infrastructure on the European continent.

Previously a team of scientists and engineers at QuTech—a collaboration between the Delft University of Technology and TNO—has demonstrated an alternative, untappable method for sending encrypted information. The technology has such commercial potential that they have decided to spin-off out of QuTech under the name of Q*Bird. “Our technology is based on a special implementation of quantum key distribution (QKD) that uses a central hub to connect users that want to exchange secure communications,” explains Q*Bird's co-founder and director Remon Berrevoets. “That means that it is possible to implement a quantum network in a cost-effective way, scalable to many end-users, and using mostly off-the-shelf equipment.”

Co-founder and director Ingrid Romijn: “Our quantum secure communication system has already shown to be fruitful during a proof-of-concept at major Dutch telecom provider KPN with Cisco hardware and the deployed testbed at digital infrastructure provider Eurofiber with Juniper hardware. The Port of Rotterdam Authority as a launching partner displays the enormous potential of our technology.”

As a first step, the central hub of the system will be situated at Port of Rotterdam Authority and will connect users at Portbase, and two or three other maritime logistic companies that are based in the port of Rotterdam. The multi-user capabilities of the central hub allow for later additions of i.e. barges and pilot organization to the network. In due course, other end-users can be connected to the system too, for example: third party customers, suppliers, and emergency services.

Such a setup enables connecting all end-users with a secure, untappable connection. The first four end-users can be expanded later to many more. The users will share keys that are generated using quantum technology (and therefor inherently untappable) that they will use to encrypt messages using traditional technology. The strength of this type of setup is the ease by which it can be expanded to many more users, and the relative low cost of expansion. Upon completion, Portbase can be sure its communication line hasn't been tampered with while connecting with, for example, other port authorities.

Delft-based Single Quantum is the first European company to commercialize superconducting nanowire single photon detectors (SNSPDs). With their 10 years of experience developing their product, they will provide a major component for the central hub of the quantum communication system. On the technical side, this project enables a close collaboration between Single Quantum and Q*bird: two dutch high-tech companies with complementary expertise and global ambitions. By joining forces in this project, they will have a powerful societal impact in the region.

InnovationQuarter helped think about and implement this project, for example, by co-producing the Birch report (Dutch). During its research phase several leads have emerged that helped shape this consortium. Jacqueline Schardijn, Senior Business Developer Digital Technology, InnovationQuarter adds: "Birch has indicated that we need to capitalise on opportunities in the region, by also working as governments and industry, towards a working communication infrastructure. As such, I have spoken to various parties who have a strong interest in a working communication infrastructure.”

“It is one of QuTech’s goals to license technology or birth spin-offs whenever we have technology that is market-ready” says Kees Eijkel, QuTech director of business development. “Q*Bird perfectly shows how we as a research institute create impact: by solving academic challenges, recognizing the societal implications, and making the technology available to the world.”

Director of the Quantum Internet Alliance and QuTech group leader Stephanie Wehner adds: “Delft has a unique position in the development of the quantum internet. We want to build prototype networks and a framework for a European quantum internet. The work of Q*Bird is a great case of the commercial opportunity such networks have.”

Funding for this project has been provided for 2/3rds through the Quantum Delta NL SME programme and 1/3rd by the Port of Rotterdam Authority.

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